Countries in the Pacific Islands are urged to immediately address food security issues in the next few years, as the changing climate will likely increase the number of people at risk of hunger and malnutrition.
A recent study by ADB and the International Food Policy and Research Institute has outlined agricultural and fisheries adaptation measures that have the potential to offset many of these negative impacts up to 2050 due to the expected decrease in crop and fisheries production.
Agricultural adaptation strategies particularly identified in the report include:
- Improved crop management,
- Increased use of fertilizer and irrigation, and
- Increased investment in agricultural research and extension.
On the other hand, strategies outlined for the fisheries sector include:
- Policies to enhance the inshore catch and improve aquaculture development,
- Investment in policy and technical research done by regional and national institutions, and
- Promotion of extension services.
"To be successful, such strategies also require an enabling institutional and policy environment... that facilitate successful implementation of climate adaptation practices," said the report entitled Climate Change, Food Security, and Socioeconomic Livelihood in Pacific Islands.
The study also detailed specific strategies for three countries, namely Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, based on their respective sector challenges, current performance and policies.
Know more about how Pacific Islands can combat these climate change effects by reading the report here.