A new book published by ADB presents 10 tried and tested strategies on how Mekong towns were able to incorporate green infrastructure in spatial planning and town development.
"Green infrastructure complements, strengthens, and can replace hard infrastructure measures in Mekong towns. It acts to manage and conserve water and energy; reduce heat, flooding, and the impacts of natural disasters; and bring nature back as the foundation for urban development and life," according to the publication Nature-Based Solutions for Building Resilience in Towns and Cities: Case Studies from the Greater Mekong Subregion.
Complete with illustrations and photos, the book highlights that the following 10 strategies require the greening of town plans and modification of infrastructure design standards and controls to promote green infrastructure and nature-based solutions:
- Creating a fabric of interconnected green corridors and spaces
- Greening of core urban areas
- Greening of industrial and business zones
- Beautiful, healthy, and green residential areas
- Green community centers
- Greening of towns on rivers and coasts
- Networks of connected urban parks
- Expanding allotments, smallholdings, and orchards
- Creating sustainable drainage systems
- Greening and rehabilitating urban catchments and uplands
The publication then presents three case studies of actual experiences from three Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) towns—Battambang in Cambodia, Dong Ha in Viet Nam, and Kaysone Phomvihane in Lao PDR.